But they should. Vegetables provide nutrients that are vital to good health. Eating a diet rich in vegetables may help reduce the risk for health issues later, include type 2 diabetes, obesity, heart disease and certain types of cancer.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends vegetable consumption with every meal and snack. How many veggies does your child need to eat in a day? It depends on her/his age, gender and activity level. According to choosemyplate.gov site, the daily recommended vegetables for children are:
- 2-3 years old: 1 cup
- 4-8 years old: 1 ½ cups
- 9-13 years old: 2 cups (girls), 2 ½ cups (boys)
- 14-18 years old: 2 ½ cups (girls), 3 cups (boys)
Aim to make half of your child’s plate fruits and vegetables, one-quarter whole grains, and one-quarter protein.
Knowing veggies are important is one thing. Getting your child to eat them is an entirely different challenge. Try these 11 tips for getting your child to eat her/his veggies:
- Plan meals around a vegetable main dish, then add other foods to complement it.
- Keep the portions small so your child has a chance to ask for more.
- Involve your child in grocery shopping (have them pick a new veggie to try) and meal prep/cooking. Let her/him decide on the dinner veggies, or what goes into the salad.
- Try different ways of serving veggies to see what your child likes best (raw, steamed, baked, shredded, mashed).
- Always have food on the table that your child likes alongside the veggies.
- Keep the fridge stocked with veggies that are washed, cut and ready to eat (e.g., carrots, celery, red/green pepper strips, cucumber slices, broccoli florets).
- Get creative. Decorate your child’s plate. Cut veggies into interesting shapes or smiley faces.
- Don’t give up. It often takes repeated exposure to a new food before your child accepts it.
- Set a good example by eating more vegetables yourself. Make mealtimes relaxing and distraction-free.
- Check out these helpful ideas for kid-friendly veggies from the choosemyplate.gov site.
- Never force a child to finish all of their vegetables or bribe them with dessert. Encourage your child to take one bite, and if they choose not to finish, don’t make a big deal about it. On the other hand, if your child eats all of their veggies don’t go crazy with praise. Forcing, bribing and overly praising reinforce that vegetables are more of a punishment than an enjoyable, healthy food.
As you look for clever ways to incorporate veggies into your child’s diet, watch out for frozen vegetable products (e.g., cauliflower tots, veggie pasta) with added flavorings and sauces, which can be high in sodium and preservatives.