The “Let’s Move” Campaign shared that children who are overweight or obese can be undernourished at the same time if the foods and beverages they consume are not very nutritious in terms of vitamins and minerals. Nutrition deficiencies impair brain development and cognitive functioning, including learning. Energy needed for optimal child growth and development is impacted by diet.
Obesity increases the likelihood of certain diseases and health problems, such as:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
- High blood cholesterol
- Gynecological problems
- Liver and gallbladder disease
Obese children also face more social and psychological problems, such as discrimination and poor self-esteem, which can continue into adulthood.
Children who are not physically active, regardless of their weight status, have more behavioral and disciplinary problems, shorter attention spans in class and do not perform as well in school compared to active children.